Fish tambakan (Helostoma temminckii) is one type of freshwater fish from tropical areas, specifically South-East Asia. These fish were originally came from Thailand to Indonesia  before being introduced to the world. This fish is also known by the name of the carp olfactory his habit of "kissing" when taking food from the surface of solid objects as well as a duel between fellow males. In Indonesia itself, this fish has many names like Bawan, biawan, until fish samarinda.  Table of contents
* 1 Anatomy and morphology
* 2 Habitat
* 3 Behavior
o 3.1 Food
o 3.2 Reproduction
o 3.3 Habit "Kissing"
* 4 Benefits to humans
* 5 References
Anatomy and morphology
Tambakan Fish have vertical flat-shaped body. Dorsal and fins analnya has a shape and size that is almost similar. Its own tail fin-shaped nearly round or convex leading to the outside, while his chest, amounting to a pair of fins are also shaped nearly round. On both sides there are lateral line, the pattern of thin lines that originated from the base of gill slit to base of tail fin. Approximately there are about 43-48 lateral line scales that make them.  The Fish tambakan known to grow to a size of 30 centimeters. 
One characteristic of fish tambakan is stretching his mouth. Characteristics that protrude into the front of his mouth to help him get food like moss from its place embedded. Her lips were covered by some sort of horned teeth, but teeth are not found in other parts of the mouth such as pharynx, premaksila, dentary, and palate. Fish also has a filter tambakan gills (gill meeting) that help filter out particles of food that go along with the water. 
There are two types of fish tambakan based on color, but they are still included within the same species: fish and fish tambakan tambakan green or pale pink. Later, there are also types of fish tambakan smaller than most tambakan fish and almost round in shape like a balloon. Genetic variation is the fish commonly known by the name "dwarf gourami kisser" or "pink balloon".  Habitat
Tambakan fish is a freshwater fish that are bentopelagik (live in between the surface and the region in the waters). Original region is the region where he lived mostly tropical waters are shallow, quiet-flowing, and there are many water plants.  Initially tambakan fish found only in freshwater waters of Southeast Asia, but later they spread throughout the warm temperate regions as an animal introduction.  Behavior Food
Tambakan fish are omnivorous fish that will eat almost any kind of food. The food is varied, ranging from algae, water plants, zooplankton, to the aquatic insects. Her lips are equipped with small teeth help him to take food from the surface of solid objects such as stones.  also has a filter tambakan Fish gills (gill meeting) to help filter out plankton from the water particles. When being pulled food stuck on the surface of solid objects using his mouth was, this fish to humans looks as if she were "kissing" the object.  Reproduction
Fish tambakan including an easy fish to breed. In the wild, in less than 15 months, minimum population they can grow up to twice the initial population. Tambakan own fish reproduction occurs when the period of his wedding season has arrived.  In Thailand for example, fish breeding season tambakan occurred between May to October.
Marriage between two different fish tambakan sexes occurs under a floating aquatic plants. Fish tambakan next female will release her eggs, which then float among water plants. Unlike other members of the suborder Anabantoidei, tambakan fish do not make a nest and keep the children so that children tambakan newly hatched fish has to be independent. A day after the first released into the water, the eggs will hatch and after about two days, kids fish can swim freely tambakan.  Habit "Kissing"
Fish tambakan also dubbed as the "kisser gourami" for his habit of wearing his lips to "kiss" other objects as well as other tambakan fish. Actually fish bena tambakan not really kiss. While we were kissing solid objects such as rocks, this fish is actually being undermined food stuck on the surface of solid objects. Tambakan male fish's mouth is also clashing with one another to assert supremacy over other males while keeping his domain. Behavior contest these lips never fatal, but in the catch, fish tambakan continuous male loses lip after fighting a duel to death due to stress.  Benefits to humans
Fish has long tambakan bring benefits to mankind. In its original territory in Southeast Asia, this fish is cultivated for its meat. Fish tambakan also commonly provoked in the wild. Later, fish tambakan become one of the freshwater ornamental fish commodities due to the unique shape and behavior.  As a result of its popularity as an ornamental fish, a large number of fish are still small tambakan exported to other countries such as Japan, Europe, America north, and Australia.  Reference
1. ^ Abcdef Helostoma temminkii, Kissing gourami
2. ^ Common Names List - Helostoma temminckii FishBase.
3. ^ A b "Helostomatidae" FishBase.
4. ^ A b c d e Kissing Gourami Aquatic Community.
5. ^ Axelrod, Herbert R. 1996. "Exotic Tropical Fishes." T.F.H. Publications.
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Category: Freshwater Fish